And that marks Democrats’ first job in this new era: We will stand up to bigotry. There is no compromise here. In all its forms, we will fight back against attacks on Latinos, African Americans, women, Muslims, immigrants, disabled Americans — on anyone. Whether Donald Trump sits in a glass tower or sits in the White House, we will not give an inch on this, not now, not ever.
“At Tara in this fateful hour,
I place all Heaven with its power,
And the sun with its brightness,
And the snow with its whiteness,
And the fire with all the strength it hath,
And the lightning with its rapid wrath,
And the winds with their swiftness along their path,
And the sea with its deepness,
And the rocks with their steepness,
And the earth with its starkness:
All these I place,
By God’s almighty help and grace
Between myself and the powers of darkness!”
MODESTO, Calif. – May 1, 2016 – PRLog — Denise Hartley has received the Woman of the Year Award by the Veterans of Foreign War Post 3199.
With this award she also received the Certificate of Special Congressional Recognition by Representative Jeff Denham, 10th Congressional District, California; State of California Senate Certificate of Recognition, by Cathleen Galgiani, 5th Senate District; California Legislature Assembly Certificate of Recognition, by assembly members, Adam C. Gray, and Kristin Olsen; and by the County of Stanislaus, Board of Supervisors, and the Modesto City Council.
Denise Hartley is currently (2016) the art specialist at Ripon High School, California. She has two Bachelor of Art degrees, one in Fine Art, and the other in Philosophy. Her Master of Art degree is in Fine Art, New Media (digital art). She completed her teaching credential, and began her teaching career three years ago, in 2013. Denise is also a professional artist and muralist, and a Fine Art business owner, her work is found at www.dahartley.com
Artist D.A.Hartley has developed two separate and distinct art styles that follow a naturalistic theme. Her works are displayed in an Art Installation format, including paintings, video, water reflection pools, and peaceful meditation rooms. Her paintings are low relief and sculptural, created on large wood panels, with deep texture, oils, stains and gold leaf. Her most recent works are created in a Photo Realism style with a nature theme; as gnarled trees embedded in rock, and more contemporary abstract themes. Her art and philosophy blog can be found at https://friendnature.wordpress.com
Denise is passionate about getting her students art into as many art shows as possible in California. This is the third year her students have entered the VFW Auxiliary Young American Creative Patriotic Art Contest. Two of her students tied for First Prize, Ripon High School students Quieanna Burton and Ulises Martinez. Her many talented students have won prior VFW local competitions in Stockton, Ripon, Turlock, Ceres, and in Modesto, California.
Denise as Art Specialist, currently teaches 200 students at Ripon High School. She teaches drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, and Art History. She is also qualified to teach computer generated Digital Art.
At Ripon High School she is the advisor for Art/Anime Club, and Fashion Club. For two years she has taken her advanced students to San Francisco art colleges and museums. Spring, 2017, she will be taking a group of students to Spain.
Her students have entered and placed top honors at exhibitions at the Haggin Museum, and the San Joaquin Department of Education’s, Art Expressions Exhibition in Stockton; the Mistlin Gallery Student Art Show in Modesto, the Congressional Art Show, sponsored by Rep, Jeff Denham, the Youth Art Month show at Modesto Junior College, and the Turlock Regional Art Show at California State University, Stanislaus. Her students work has also shown at the Ripon Almond Blossom Festival, and the Ripon City Library, California. One of her students was chosen as an art scholarship recipient at Mistlin Gallery. Her past students have received scholarships, and are art/art history majors at several colleges.
In her art career she studied at the Art Students League in N.Y.C.; was trained by the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, in sculpture restoration; worked for U.S.Vice President Nelson Rockefeller as sculpture restorer for his art collection; she worked for the painting restorer at Whitney Art Museum in New York City; the Fresno Art Museum as registrar; and for the Fresno Metropolitan Art Museum, teaching drawing classes. She also worked for the Department of Education in Kauai, Hawaii, teaching young children on the Autism Spectrum. She loves working with children and young adults, and is the mother of seven children, and has six grandchildren.
Note from Friend Nature: Water is a world concern. I am building a small fog screen and locating it next to my vegetable garden. I am currently watering my garden with recycled water, but I am implementing this design for a time when we might not have any water in California to recycle.
By Robert A. Nelson Copyright 2003
Fog Fences (El Tofu Mountain) Chungongo, Chili
Today nearly two people in ten have no source of safe drinking water according to the U.N. Millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene each year. But in some desert areas, where there is very little rain, fog and dew are abundant sources of humidity that are being harvested to produce fresh water.
Fog or dew collection is an ancient practice. Archaeologists have found evidence in Israel of low circular walls that were built around plants and vines to collect moisture from condensation. In South America’s Atacama Desert and in Egypt, piles of stones were arranged so that condensation could trickle down the inside walls where it was collected and then stored. by Renee Cho
Since the late 1980s there has been considerable research and development of fog collectors around the world, pioneered by Dr Robert Schemenauer and Prof. Pilar Cereceda (Univ. of Chile). The Canadian organization FogQuest (http://www.fogquest.org) is the international leader in this admirable effort; Dr Schemenauer now serves as a research scientist with the organization.
Prof. Pilar Cereceda: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pilar_Cereceda/publications
Fog contains from 0.05 gram of water per cubic meter, up to 3 grams. The droplets are 1 to 40 microns in diameter. Fog has a very low settling rate, and it is carried by the wind wherever it may go. Fog collectors therefore require a vertical screen surface positioned at right angles to the prevailing wind. The collector must be a mesh because wind will flow around a solid wall and take the fog with it. A fog collector captures about half of the water passing through it. The efficiency of fog collectors depends on the size of fog droplets, wind speed, and the size of mesh (about 1 mm is optimal), which should fill up to 70% of the area. Two layers of ultraviolet-protected mesh, erected so as to rub together, cause the minute droplets to join and drain into PVC pipes attached to the bottom of the nets. The lifetime of the mesh is about 10 years. It costs about 25 cents or more per square meter.
(Photo source: http://www.fogquest.org)
The ideal location for fog collectors are arid or semi-arid coastal regions with cold offshore currents and a mountain range within 15 miles of the coast, rising 1,500 to 3,000 feet above sea level. Collection varies with the topography and the density of the fog. Ocean or lowland fog usually lacks sufficient water or wind speed to yield a substantial amount of water, so careful evaluation studies must be made to determine the suitability of any particular microclimate. This is done by monitoring a number of 1 m2 collectors for a period of months.
Fog fences have the advantages of being passive, requiring no artificial energy input for operation. They are simple to design and can be constructed quickly and easily with little skill. The system is modular, easy to maintain, and can be expanded as demand increases or money allows. Investment costs are low — much less than conventional sources in the areas where this technology can be applied. The water quality usually is good, though some treatment may be necessary for human consumption.
Mesh fog collectors are limited by the local conditions of climate and topography. The yield is affected by season and weather, included macro-systems such as El Nino and La Nina. Dust can cause high levels of metals and low pH. High humidity can promote the growth of microflora, and other sources of contamination (i.e., insects and birds) must be considered. Unless the collectors are close to the consumers, the system requires uneconomical pipelines that also present hydraulic problems. The site must be easily accessible and have clear ownership. Site security also may be an issue. Management of the water distribution must be fair, efficient, and self-sufficient.
A very successful pilot project was established at Chungungo, Chile in 1987. Over a period of 5 years, 94 fog collectors were constructed atop 2,600 ft. El Tofo Mountain, collecting up to 2,000 gallons daily (mean yield: 3 liters/m2/day). The villagers call it “harvesting the clouds”. Walter Canto, regional director of Chile’s National Forest Corporation, said:
“We’re not only giving Chungongo all the water it needs, but we have enough water to start forests around the area that within 5 or 6 years will be totally self-sustaining.”
The fog collectors on El Tofo have fallen into a sad state of disrepair. In 2002, only 9 collectors remained of the 94 that once shrouded the mountaintop.
The success of the fog collectors at Chungongo actually contributed to the failure of the project. The new supply of water stimulated local development that tripled the population to 900 inhabitants while reducing the amount of water available to each family. It would have been a simple matter to increase the number of fog collectors, but a political decision was made to construct a pipeline (costing ~ US$1M) to bring water from Los Choros. Dr Schemenauer, who directed the original project, said that 400 collectors (many more than enough to meet the need) could be built on the mountain at a much lower cost than that of the pipeline. But the villagers were not significantly involved in the original project, so they had little understanding of water economics and what was required to maintain the collectors over a period of years; they were taken for granted.
The International Development Research Center (IDRC) that sponsored the original project reported that local officials “regard water from fog as an unreliable, irregular, and insufficient source for providing drinking water for Chungongo”.
Dr Schemenauer maintains that the original project was not designed to supply water to the community. It was intended to perfect the technology and use the water for a reforestation project on the mountain. The local community lobbied to divert water to the village instead, and it was done. The obvious lesson is that the local people must be involved and committed to long-term maintenance and development, adding more fog collectors if the need arises.
Another 21 sites (1,000 acres total) in Chile and on the Pacific coast of Latin America also have fog collectors that continue to provide water for agricultural and forestry projects. Some of the locations have become self-sufficient because the trees have become large enough to collect fog for themselves, just as the ecosystem did before settlers disrupted it. Precarious “lomas” fog-forest ecosystems survive on droplets of water collected by their leaves. Some such forests, surrounded by deserts, have been sustained by fog for millennia. Very little cutting is necessary to initiate gradual but complete destruction.
In the past few years, FogQuest has conducted several successful projects in Yemen, Guatemala (Lake Atitlan), and Haiti (Salignac Plateau). More are being planned in the sultanate of Oman, Ethiopia, and Nepal. The Yemen project is in the mountains near Hajja, where there is virtually no rainfall in the winter months. There is, however, sufficient fog to justify the construction of large fog collectors. The best sites produce about 4.5 liters/m2/day. The yield at the best sites in Haiti is about 5.5 liters/m2day. In other words, each square meter of mesh produces about 165 liters/month. A large collector (50 m2) would produce about 175 liters daily, which is sufficient to supply the needs of nine people.
Fog collectors in the Sultanate of Oman have yielded as much as 70 liters/sq meter/day! A 48 m2 collector there yields over 3000 liters/day. Each village requires 30 to 80 collectors (cost: ~ US$400 each) to provide its needs.
The many forms of atmospheric dehumidifiers offer real hope for thirsty humanity. Countless lives can be saved and improved by this elegant technology. The quantity of water thus produced may even meet the needs of large-scale agriculture if used in a conservative manner, such as drip-feeding.
THE EARTH INSTITUTE, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY http://water.columbia.edu/
With an ingeniously simple technology, Dr. Bob Schemenauer extracts fresh clean drinking water from fog for remote villages in Ecuador, replacing the thick brown water from polluted aquifers — literally, a life saver.
US National Library of Medicine
National Institutes of Health
Three mesh types for fog collection. The Raschel mesh (35% shading, left panel, www.marienberg.cl) has been successfully applied for many years in 35 countries in five continents. It is used double layered in SFC and LFC (only one layer is shown here). The middle panel shows a robust material with a stainless mesh, co-knitted with poly material (http://www.meshconcepts.co.za), which has been employed in South Africa. The right panel shows a newly proposed design of a three-dimensional net structure (1-cm thickness) of poly material (http://www.itv-denkendorf.de). Note that no overall comparison of mesh collection rates and technical performance has been conducted yet. The edge lengths of mesh sections shown are 6.5 cm
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN article: FOG FOR A THIRSTY PLANET
Photo: Jae C. Hong, Associated Press
State shuts 12 oil company wells that pumped waste into aquifers
March 3, 2015 Updated: March 3, 2015 8:54pm
State officials have ordered oil companies to shut 12 more wells that injected oil-field wastewater into drinkable aquifers beneath California’s drought-stricken Central Valley, regulators reported Tuesday.The wells, used to dispose of water left over from oil production, are clustered in Kern County, the heart of the state’s petroleum industry. All have pumped water laced with oil and trace chemicals into aquifers that could be used for drinking or irrigation in the valley’s fields and orchards.
They are the result of three decades of bureaucratic confusion among state and federal regulators that allowed oil companies to drill hundreds of disposal wells into aquifers that were supposed to be protected by law. The problem was the subject of a Chronicle investigation in February.
Each of the 12 wells recently ordered closed was found to be injecting wastewater within a lateral mile and 500 vertical feet of a drinking-water well, prompting the shutdown order from the state’s Division of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources.
File – This Jan. 16, 2015, file photo shows pumpjacks operating at the Kern River Oil Field in Bakersfield, Calif. California is proposing broad changes in the way it protects underground water sources from oil and gas operations, after finding 2,500 instances in which the state authorized oil and gas operations in protected water aquifers. State oil and gas regulators on Monday, Feb. 9, released a plan they sent the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency last week for bringing the state back into compliance with federal safe-drinking water requirements. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, file) State pledges to stop oil firms from tainting aquifers Aletha, center, and Tom Frantz, right, and family friend Judy Reed, left, plant new almond trees as P.D., the dog, wanders by Jan. 29, 2015 on Frantz’s land in Shafter, Calif. Frantz is a fourth generation farmer who recently inherited his father’s land and currently has 4,000 almond trees. Frantz is concerned about the quality of his future water supply. State let oil companies taint drinkable water in Central Valley
‘A significant step’
“As we’ve said before, the protection of California’s groundwater resources — as well as public health — is paramount, particularly in this time of extreme drought,” said Steven Bohlen, the division’s supervisor. “Halting injection into these wells is a significant step toward that goal.”
So far, no drinking wells have been found to be contaminated by the underground wastewater injections.
“We intend to keep it that way,” Bohlen said.
The companies that own 10 of the injection wells voluntarily relinquished their well permits, Bohlen said. The division has filed cease-and-desist orders against the two companies that own the two other wells, demanding that injections stop within 24 hours. All of the companies will be required to test water quality in the affected aquifers and check for contamination in nearby drinking-water wells.
Eight other injection wells shut down by the state last year remain closed.
California produces more oil than any state other than Texas and North Dakota, and its petroleum reservoirs hold far more water than crude. Last year, oil companies extracted 205.3 million barrels of petroleum from the ground, along with 3.3 billion barrels of salty water, according to the division. Once it has been separated from the oil, most of the water is pumped back underground, sometimes into the same formation it came from, sometimes elsewhere — including usable aquifers.
A Chronicle review in February found 171 cases in which the division allowed oil companies to inject “produced water” into high-quality aquifers that were supposed to be protected under federal law. Another 253 injection wells went into aquifers whose water could have been used with more extensive treatment.
In addition, the division improperly issued permits for 2,021 other wells that are injecting water or steam into aquifers that also contain oil, usually as a way of squeezing more petroleum out of the ground.
The wells recently ordered closed are owned by California Resources Corp., Chevron U.S.A., E&B Natural Resources Management, Linn Operating Inc., Modus Inc. and Western States International Inc. Modus and Western States received cease-and-desist orders from the division.
“It’s encouraging to see them take immediate action when they see a threat,” said Andrew Grinberg, oil and gas program manager with the Clean Water Action environmental group. “Obviously we have concerns about all the wells that remain open.”
Series of foul-ups
The problem dates to 1982, when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency granted the division authority to enforce the federal Safe Drinking Water Act in California’s oil fields. Through a tangled series of snafus, the two agencies developed different lists of aquifers that were considered suitable for wastewater disposal. As a result, the division started issuing injection permits for some aquifers that should have been protected, a problem that persisted undiscovered until 2011.
According to a report issued Tuesday by state environmental regulators, the federal EPA and the division adopted two agreements on which aquifers to use, one in 1982 and the other the following year. But the signature page of the second agreement, including the date, was photocopied from the first, adding to the confusion.
3 shut wells reopened
The problem first sprang into public view last year when the division abruptly shut down 11 injection wells in Kern County, fearing that they had breached aquifers already used for drinking or irrigation. The owners of three of those wells were later allowed to resume pumping after they proved to state officials that their wells had not accessed drinking-water aquifers after all.
The division is now examining all of the disputed injection wells and has warned oil companies that injections into potentially drinkable aquifers must stop by Oct. 15.
David R. Baker is a San Francisco Chronicle staff writer. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Twitter: @DavidBakerSF
David R. Baker
David R. Baker
The Basics for Survival, Earth Unplugged
The Beauty of Change, Essay 1, the Basic Steps…
Simple Steps for Improving Your Life:
- Cherish what you have. Appreciate your life, family, friends, and your blessings given by our planet and ‘Mother Nature.’ Everything comes from Nature. Every material object in your life came from our Earth, at a great cost. The planet cannot keep up with our consumption. Give back to Nature, recycle what you do not need, it is made from precious material. Watch what you throw away, are you really giving back to Nature by dumping into her earth and water what you have consumed and no longer want?
- Recognize that you have what you need. If you have a home, food, water, you have enough. Everything else is a want. The First World (us) has taken too much from a finite planet (the only one we have). We are stripping our planet of its resources for our pleasure, leaving little for the rest of humanity. We choose not to see what our selfishness has caused, and the suffering of the Third World, who is starving and thirsty. I know we can do better.
- Simplify your life. Having less material objects creates a space that you will enjoy more. Give away or sell what you do not need, someone else can use it. Eating less and more healthy simple foods will increase your enjoyment also. Growing your own organic foods gives pleasure, knowing that you are working with, and in nature. Your body is part of Nature, give it simple good food, and it will reward you with good health. Learn to recognize what will enhance your diet, and create good health. Eat less high resource foods: meat, out of season fruits and vegetables (they have probably traveled more that you have), factory created foods (processed, and dead, also well traveled).
What Easy Improvements I Made to Enjoy My Life More:
- I sold my large house, and downsized (2003)…AND use way less power. Easier to clean, more time to spend outside in Nature
- I became a vegetarian (1995)…I grow my own food, and my protein is from fruits and vegetables, legumes, and eggs from my chicken, AND have great health. I eat less and enjoy it more. I don’t eat GMO corn or soy products (they are hidden in packaged food).
- I use less energy in my new home, replace your light bulbs with more energy efficient CFL’s…Check your appliance efficiency. My heater is on a low setting, so I dress warm.
- Gave up TV (1995)…The new flat screen TV’s use 2x to 4x the energy of the old tube ones. Again, I am outside in Nature, or reading, or painting.
- Unplug what you are not using, standby mode uses electricity….
- I sold my super cool Black & Silver Dodge Ram truck, and bought a small Toyota pickup, now I have downsized again, being given a free car that has great gas mileage.
- I found something useful to do, and am getting a teaching credential, AND blogging about climate change.
- I stopped buying what I do not need. Yes, even Christmas presents, I bought everyone socks for Christmas! I make my own beer and wine (another blog), and gave as Christmas presents).
- I recycle everything. I have a compost pile, recycle cans, jars, plastic, etc., I have very little trash to send back into the Earth.
Yayoi Kusama, my hero also.
Yayoi Kusama has always been my favorite artists that I’m not only fascinated by her repeated patterns but also inspired by her personal experience and how she relates them into her work of arts. According to Wikipedia, Kusama has worked in a wide variety of media, including painting, collage, sculpture, performance art and environmental installations which all features her iconic psychedelic use of colors, repetition of patterns (especially dots) and also genital objects. She is also a precursor of the Pop Art, minimalist, and feminist art movement. Personally I was desperate to go to her exhibition last year in New York but somehow I missed it. Eventually I had the opportunity and went to the one in Shanghai that was absolutely mind-blowing and inspiring. The exhibition was divided into several sections which includes her early period paintings, flower and dog sculptures, the pumpkins and of course the “Mirror Room”.
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